Spanish Weather Vocabulary #1 Useful Guide For Your Trip

Original blog post: https://ling-app.com/es/spanish-weather-vocabulary/

Coming to a Spanish-speaking country for your next summer vacation? Now is the perfect opportunity to start learning Spanish weather vocabulary!

A trip is never complete without having basic knowledge of the country you are visiting. One of the first things we think about while planning a trip is which season we travel. We need that detail to plan what clothes to pack, what attractions to see, and where to stay. Will it be cold, warm, or temperate? How will you dress during that vacation? What if it rains when you want to see an important outside attraction?

As you can see, the weather is a very indispensable aspect of any travel plan. It’s essential to learn about it in a new language. That is why Spanish learners have to study the weather during the initial levels. So sit back and enjoy this guide to discover the Spanish weather vocabulary you should know.

What’s The Spanish Word For Weather?

‘Clima’ — Weather

Sentence Examples:

  • ‘El clima de hoy está muy cálido.’ (Today’s weather is very hot.)
  • ‘El clima hoy está demasiado frío.’ (The weather today is too cold.)

‘Tiempo’ — Weather

(Literal Translation: Time)

Sentence Example:

  • ‘El pronóstico del tiempo en Ecuador dice que estará soleado todo el día.’ (The weather forecast in Ecuador says it will be sunny all day.)

How To Ask About The Weather?

There are many ways to talk about the weather in Spanish. An essential rule to remember is the use of ‘está’ (is), ‘hace’ (does), and ‘hay’ (It is). To ask about the weather, we usually use ‘hace’ or ‘está.’

¿Qué tiempo hace?

Translation: How Is The Weather?

  • A: ‘¿Qué tiempo hace en tu ciudad?’ (What is the weather like in your city?)
  • B: ‘Hace buen tiempo todo el año.’ (The weather is good all year.)

¿Cómo está el tiempo?/¿Cómo está el clima?

Translation: How Is The Weather?

  • ¿Cómo está el tiempo/clima en …? (How is the weather in …?)
  • ¿Cómo está el tiempo/clima hoy? (How is the weather today?)
  • ¿Cómo es el clima en Ecuador? (What’s the weather like in Ecuador?)
  • ¿Cómo está el clima afuera? (What is the weather like outside?)

‘Temperatura’ — Temperature

When talking about the weather in Spanish, you would also require vocabulary related to the temperature.

  • ‘Cálido’ — Warm
  • ‘Frío’ — Cold
  • ‘Templado’ — Tempered

Spanish Vocabulary About Weather

Types Of Weather

See the following table to get the list of types of weather in Spanish.

Classification And Climate Types

Let’s dive a little deep into weather classification and types around the world.

1. ‘Tropical’ — Tropical

‘Monzónico Cálido’ — Warm Monsoon

In monsoon forests, you can find dry weather followed by heavy rain.

New Vocabulary:

‘Clima seco’ — Dry climate

‘Ecuatorial Cálido’ — Warm Equatorial

On the Equatorial line, there are tropical forests where there are heavy rains, and there are no seasons of the year. There is a warm climate all year round.

New Vocabulary:

‘Bosque tropical’ — Tropical forest

‘Fuertes lluvia’ — Heavy rains

‘Sabana Cálido’ — Warm Savanna

On the Savannah, despite also being a tropical climate, you can find a dry climate throughout the year. Like the rest of the categories, the weather will remain warm.

2. ‘Seco’ — Dry

The dry climate is divided into the hot steppe, cold steppe, hot desert, and cold desert. In the plains or steppe areas with a warm climate, we can find average winters and relatively hot summers. In cold areas, winters can reach low temperatures with mild or hot summers.

Extreme temperatures exist in the desert. It can get quite cold during the night with bad winters, while in summer, the heat is extreme.

New Vocabulary:

‘Estepario’ — Steppe (Eco region)

‘Desértico’ -Desert

‘Caluroso’ — Warm

3. ‘Templado’ — Tempered

Mild climate locations are generally an ideal destination for people who live in countries with extreme weather, such as harsh winters or summers. A temperate climate can have dry summers and winters, be humid, subtropical, and can be cold, but not extreme as in other regions.

New Vocabulary:

‘Inviernos duros’ — Harsh winters

‘Subtropical’ — Subtropical

4. ‘Continental’ — Continental

You can find this climate in the Northern Hemisphere, where summer and winters are extreme. They represent a temperature of less than 0 °C during the coldest month and an average temperature greater than 30 °C during the warmest month.

In addition, in this weather classification, there is the Subarctic climate, found in regions with long winters, such as Siberia and Scandinavia.

New Vocabulary:

‘Subarctic’ — Subártico

5. ‘Polar’ — Polar

The weather in the north and south poles is known for being the most extreme on Earth. Every month of the year has temperatures that don’t exceed 10ºC (10 degrees Celsius). However, in recent years there have been abnormally high temperatures in Antarctica.

New Vocabulary:

‘Clima extremo’ — Extreme weather

‘Grados’ — Degrees

All Spanish Words And Phrases Related To Weather

Look at the following table to get all the rest of the essential vocabulary related to weather in Spanish.

Words

Nouns

The nouns are the essential words that you need to learn to begin having conversations related to weather.

Adjectives

If you want to describe the weather in Spanish, you can use the following adjectives:

Verbs

Phrases

It’s time to practice the vocabulary that you have learned today. The following sentences will help you have a clear idea of how to use in a sentence the words related to the weather. After practicing, you can try making your sentences.

  • ‘Hace sol/Está soleado.’ — (It’s sunny.)
  • ‘Día soleado.’ — (Sunny day.)
  • ‘Muero de calor.’ — (Dying of heat.)
  • ‘Hace calor.’ — (It’s hot.)
  • ‘Tengo calor.’ — (I’m hot/warm.)
  • ‘Hace mucho calor.’ — (It’s too hot.)
  • ‘Hace mucho frío.’ — (It’s too cold.)
  • ‘Estoy sudoroso/a.’ — (I’m sweaty.)
  • ‘Me estoy quemando.’ — (I’m burning up.)
  • ‘Está tronando.’ — (It’s thundering.)
  • ‘Llueve mucho.’ — (It rains a lot.)
  • ‘Está lloviendo muy fuerte.’(It’s raining very hard.)
  • ‘Está lluvioso.’ — (It’s rainy.)
  • ‘Llovizna.’ — (It drizzles.)
  • ‘Hay tormenta.’(It’s stormy.)
  • ‘Día tormentoso.’ — (Stormy day.)
  • Hay una inundación.’ — (There’s a flood.)
  • ‘Hay lluvia.’ — (There’s rain.)
  • ‘Hay nubes.’ — (There are clouds.)
  • ‘Está nublado.’ — (It’s cloudy.)
  • ‘Hay niebla/neblina.’ — (There is fog.)
  • ‘Hace mucho frío.’ — (It’s too cold.)
  • ‘Hace frío.’ — (It’s cold)
  • ‘Me estoy congelando.’- (I’m freezing.)
  • ‘Nieva.’ — (It snows.)
  • ‘Está nevando.’ — (It’s snowing.)
  • ‘Está muy húmedo.’ — (It’s very humid)
  • ‘Hay humedad.’ — (There is humidity.)
  • ‘Hay viento fuerte.’ — (There is strong wind.)
  • ‘Hace viento.’ — (It’s windy.)
  • ‘Ventoso.’ — (Windy.)
  • ‘Hay nieve.’ — (There’s snow)
  • ‘¿Lloverá hoy?’ — (Will it rain today?)
  • ‘¿Está nevando?’ — (Is it snowing?)
  • ‘¿Está lloviendo?’ — (Is it raining?)
  • ‘Hoy estará soleado.’ — (Today it will be sunny.)
  • ‘Hoy va a llover todo el dia.’ — (Today it’s going to rain all day.)
  • ‘Hay una tormenta.’ — (There is a thunderstorm.)
  • ‘El clima en las montañas es ventoso.’ — (The weather in the mountains is windy.)
  • ‘Un clima tan agradable como este es único en el mundo!’ — (A climate as pleasant as this is unique in the world!)
  • ‘Hace mal tiempo.’ — (It’s bad weather.)
  • ‘Hace buen tiempo.’ — (It’s nice weather.)
  • ‘Las condiciones climáticas son malas hoy.’ — (The weather conditions are bad today.)
  • ‘Hoy hace demasiado frío, no quiero salir.’ — (It’s too cold today, I don’t want to go out.)
  • ‘Llueve, pero no hace frío.’ — (It rains, but it’s not cold.)
  • ¡Qué calor, el sol está muy fuerte! — (How hot, the sun is very strong!)
  • ‘En mi ciudad llueve y enseguida hace sol.’ — (In my city it rains and then it is sunny.)
  • ‘Hace mucho viento hoy. ¡Volemos las cometas!’ — (It’s very windy today. Let’s fly the kites!)
  • ‘Ahora está lloviendo en las montañas.’ — (Now it’s raining in the mountains.)
  • ‘¿Qué piensas del clima de hoy?’ — (What do you think of today’s weather?)
  • ‘Hace un calor tremendo.’ — (It’s sweltering.)
  • ‘Hoy hace un calor pegajoso.’ — (It’s really sticky today.)

Spanish Idiomatic Phrases Related To Weather

  • ‘Más fresco que una lechuga.’ — (Cool as a cucumber.)
  • ‘Es una nevera afuera.’ — (It’s an icebox outside.)
  • ‘Llueve a mares.’ (‘It’s pouring buckets’ or its literal translation: ‘It’s raining seas.’)
  • ‘Llueve a cántaros.’ (It’s raining jugs.)
  • ‘Hace un frío que pela.’ (It’s so cold! or It’s freezing!)
  • ‘Es un horno afuera.’ — (It’s like an oven outside.)

Seasons Of The Year In Spanish

1. Primavera — Spring

2. Verano — Summer

3. Otoño — Autumn/Fall

4. Invierno — Winter

Any Climate Is Ideal To Learn Spanish!

Imagine being on a snowy afternoon in the forest of southern Chile. On vacation on a sunny beach in Majorca. In the cold and windy mountains of the Andes. Or between the tropical weather of the Amazon rainforests. Wherever you are during your vacation in Spanish-speaking countries, or even from the comfort of your home, looking at the rainfall through the window, you can study the Spanish language and increase your fluency.

My best advice when trying to remember words and phrases such as what you learned today in this blog post is not to memorize them. Try to use these terms in conversations with native speakers and start learning with context. It will help you remember the words effectively.

And if you need more encouragement and help while learning, Ling App is there to assist you during your process of achieving the Spanish level you desire. Download Ling and start learning Spanish now!

Happy learning!

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