Easy Slovenian Pronouns: A Guide To 3+ Categories

Original Blog Post: https://ling-app.com/sl/slovenian-pronouns/

Do you know the most frequently used Slovenian pronouns? In today’s post, we will dive deep into this grammar point so that you will find the confidence to use these in your sentences like a real native speaker. Before we move forward, allow me to shed light on one thing: Pronouns in the Slovenian language are slightly complicated. It might be overwhelming at first, but we will walk you through each in an easy way. So let’s start learning!

Slovenian Pronouns: An Overview

Slovene pronouns are way more complex than what you think. It is far from what you are used to if you are an English speaker. In addition to having the singular pronouns in Slovene, there are also dual pronouns. The pronouns might even change depending upon the number of objects/ people that the pronouns are used for. One more thing to add is that there are different words for each gender that are not specific to the plural case only (like in English). Different pronouns are used for both male and female plural forms in Slovene, just like in many romance languages.

Personal Pronouns In Slovene

Here is a table of all the Personal Pronouns. Memorizing them is crucial. Let’s look at the explanations below to learn how to use each differently.

The personal pronouns in Slovene are majorly divided into three categories: singular, plural, and dual. Let’s learn about each of them.

Singular Personal Pronouns

The singular pronouns category in Slovenian is the same as in English. There are different words for the first, second, and third person in Slovenian if they are singular. Singular in Slovenian is Ednina.

Jaz

The word Jaz in Slovenian is used to address the first person singular pronoun. It is a neuter term, like in English. This is probably the most simple pronoun in Slovene, which does not require a lot of specific conjugations etc.

To conjugate this Slovenian pronoun into a present tense (verb), you can add -m to the root word. For instance, the root word for eating is “je,” and adding “-m” to that will make it “jem,” which is “I eat.” Below are the practical examples for conjugating the personal pronoun “jaz.”

Ti

The word “ti” in Slovenian is used to address the second person singular pronoun.

To conjugate this Slovenian pronoun into the present tense, you can add -š to the root word. For instance, the root word for eating is “je,” and adding “-š” to that will make it “ješ,” which is “you eat.” Given below are the practical examples for how to conjugate “ti.”

On/ Ona

The pronouns “On/ Ona” in Slovenian are used to address the third person singular pronoun. “On” is a masculine term, like “he” in English. “Ona” is a feminine Slovenian term, like “she” in English.

To conjugate this Slovenian pronoun into the present tense, you don’t have to add anything to the root word. For instance, the root word for eating is “je” will stay the same to refer to “he eats.” Given below are the practical examples for how to conjugate “on.”

Plural Personal Pronouns

Mi/ Me

The pronouns “mi/ me” in Slovenian are used to refer to the first-person plural pronoun.

To conjugate this Slovenian pronoun into a present tense form, you can add -mo to the root word. For instance, the root word for eating is “je,” and adding “-mo” to that will make it “jemo,” which is “we eat.” Given below are the practical examples for how to conjugate “mi.”

Some more conjugations for plural Slovene pronouns:

Vi/ Ve

To conjugate Vi/ve, you can add “-te” at the end of the root word. “je+te” will make “Vi/ Ve jete.”

Oni/ One

To conjugate oni/ one, you can add “-jo” at the end of the root word. “je+jo” will make “Oni/ One jejo.”

Dual Personal Pronouns

Here are some of the conjugations for dual-Slovene pronouns:

Vidva/ Vidve

To conjugate Vidva/ Vidve, you can add “-ta” at the end of the root word. “je+ta” will make “Vidva/ Vidve jeta.

Midva/ Midve

To conjugate Midva/ Midve, you can add “-va” at the end of the rootword. “je+va” will make Midva/ Midve jeve.

Tip

On many occasions, when the people in Slovenia speak, they tend to omit the words for pronouns. The people who listen are good at getting the idea from the context.

Wrapping Up

If you liked this blog, then you should also check out Slovenian Sentence Structure and different ways to wish Christmas in Slovenian. For more Slovene Lessons, we suggest you look into other blogs of Ling App.

If you want to learn more about this language, you better check out the Ling App by Simya Solutions. The Ling App makes learning the Slovenian language fun and easy for you. You can learn about the people in Slovenia and their culture and much more. There are also countless other languages which you can look into. Download it today to start learning!

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