An Easy Nepali Sentence Structure Guide For 2021

Original blog post: https://ling-app.com/ne/nepali-sentence-structure/

If you want to go to Nepal, or have a relative, partner, or friend from this beautiful country, if you want to speak the official language of Nepal, learning the Nepali sentence structure is the best choice.

Learn About the Language Before Learning Nepali Sentence Structure

Nepali, like Sanskrit and Hindi, is usually written in Devanagari script. Devanagari is written from left to right, and its most prominent and distinctive feature is the horizontal line that passes through the letter itself along the top of the word.

There are three main dialects of Nepali: Western, Central, and Eastern. However, these dialects are relatively ambiguous with each other and are mainly used to classify the area of the geography of the speaker, rather than having a historically independent history.

Nepali uses two grammatical genders in its language, namely masculine and feminine, and has no neutral pronouns. However, if you look closely at the language, you can see that male pronouns are more like neutral pronouns in language, so it can be said that the two grammatical genders in Nepali are feminine and zero. If you need to mean male or female, there are various suffixes in Nepali sentence structure, not new words.

Status Of The Nepali Language

The Nepali language is Nepal’s national language. Most of the population of the country speaks Nepali as their first language. On the other side, many people who speak Nepal’s 122 other languages speak Nepali as their second language.

  • India

Nepali is the official language of Sikkim. Sikkim is an Indian state in the Himalayas, located in the Darjeeling region of West Bengal.

Nepali Sentence Structure — All You Need To Know

Alphabet

Nepali is written in the Devanagari script and consists of 64 letters. You can go back and check my previous blog post for more detail about the Nepali alphabet.

Vowels

Nepali has six spoken vowels, which are the sounds that affect the meaning of words. Most of them involve nasal counterparts. There are also some diphthongs.

Nepali sentence structure

  • /i/ = ea in peat
  • /u/ = oo in too
  • /e/ = e in pet
  • /ə/ = a in ago
  • /o/ = o in token
  • /a/ = a in bar

Grammar — Nepali Sentence Structure

Nepalese grammar has many things in common with the grammar of other Indo-Aryan languages. Like all these languages, Nepali is agglutinative; that is, it adds suffixes to the roots to construct words and express grammatical relationships. It also uses inflection to mark specific grammatical categories.

Nouns In Nepali

Nepalese nouns have the following main characteristics.

  • There are two numbers: plural and singular. Plural signs mark plural numbers, and if the plural is clear from the context, this sign is not used.
  • There are gender differences, especially in terms of life.
  • There are two situations: oblique and nominative.
  • There is a robust classification system or counter system for counting nouns.
  • There is a complete honorific system.

Pronouns

  • There are three personal pronouns in Nepali sentence structure. The third-person pronouns are divided into proximal pronouns and distal pronouns. Distal pronouns signify people who are away or absent. Proximal pronouns specify people who are nearby or present.
  • Pronouns do not distinguish between genders.
  • Nepali sentence structure has a well-designed pronoun system that expresses different degrees of politeness according to the referent’s distance, number, gender, and status.

Postpositions

Nepali uses many postpositions with capitalization functions. Also, they take the form of affixes joined to the entire phrase, rather than individual nouns, for example, possessive, past tense, instrumental, and accusative marked with life nouns. Further, other postpositions can perform this function of the prepositions.

Verbs

The verbs of Nepali sentence structure have the following main characteristics:

  • Verbs agree with their subjects in terms of person, gender, case, and number.
  • Verbs occur in the following forms: root, perfect stem, imperfect stem, and infinitive. The stems agree with the nouns in terms of number and gender.
  • There are three people: first, second, second honorific, and third.
  • There are two numbers: plural and singular.
  • There are three tenses: past, present, future.
  • There are two aspects: perfect and imperfect.
  • There are three moods: optative, imperative, and indicative.
  • There are two types of sounds: passive and active.

Word order

English sentence structure is an SVO (Subject Verb Object) language while the Nepali sentence structure is an SOV (Subject Object Verb) language.

For example:

Example in English

My name- is- Pooja.

Subject-Verb-Object

Example in Nepali

Mērō nāma- pūjā- hō

Subject Object Verb

Example in English

I live- in- Nepal.

Subject Verb Object

Example in Nepali

Ma- nēpālamā- baschu

Subject Object Verb

Writing

The Nepali language was first used for writing in the 12th century AD. It is written in the Devanagari alphabet, developed from the Brahmi script in the 11th century AD.

Below are a few vocabularies and basic phrases in Nepali.

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